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2 edition of Overwintering and developmental biology of the hoverflies Episyrphus balteatus(DeGeer)and Syrphus ribesii(L.) (Diptera, Syrphidae) found in the catalog.

Overwintering and developmental biology of the hoverflies Episyrphus balteatus(DeGeer)and Syrphus ribesii(L.) (Diptera, Syrphidae)

Andrew John Hart

Overwintering and developmental biology of the hoverflies Episyrphus balteatus(DeGeer)and Syrphus ribesii(L.) (Diptera, Syrphidae)

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Published by University of Birmingham in Birmingham .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (Ph.D) - University of Birmingham, School of Biological Science, Faculty of Science.

Statementby Andrew John Hart.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL22397452M

In Britain alone, some 46 species belong to the Coccinellidae family, although only 26 of these are recognisably ladybirds. Composed largely of Professor Michael Majerus' lifetime work, and updated by two leading experts in the field, this book reveals intriguing insights into ladybird biology   Free Online Library: Biotic resource needs of specialist orchid pollinators.(Report) by "The Botanical Review"; Biological sciences Aphididae Aphids Butterflies Chemical plants Flowers Insect pollination Research Life history theory Moths Orchids Environmental aspects Pollination by insects Pollinators (Animals)+resource+needs+of+specialist+orchid+pollinators.


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Overwintering and developmental biology of the hoverflies Episyrphus balteatus(DeGeer)and Syrphus ribesii(L.) (Diptera, Syrphidae) by Andrew John Hart Download PDF EPUB FB2

The overwintering biology of the hoverfly Episyrphus balteatus (DeGeer) (Diptera: Syrphidae) was studied and analysed. In Europe, females of this species can overwinter as adults in The hoverfly Episyrphus balteatus: biology and mode of life Episyrphus balteatus DeGeer (Diptera: Syrphidae) is one of the best-studied aphidophagous :// Episyrphus balteatus is an important pollinator and the larvae are efficient aphid predators, playing a significant role in the biocontrol of agricultural crop pests [31 ].

Under laboratory conditions, females of Episyrphus balteatus (De Geer) lay around – eggs in a lifetime (Branquart and Hemptinne, a). The variation in fecundity is also dependent on the prey source, with females of Xanthogramma aegyptium Wied.

laying an average of and eggs on aphids, Aphis gossypii Glover and Myzus /episyrphus-balteatus. To estimate the quantity of pollen transported by hoverflies immigrating into, and emigrating out of, southern Britain, actively migrating E.

balteatus and E. corollae were collected on autumn migration through the col de Bretolet in the Swiss Alps during September and October to assess average pollen loads. 30 hoverflies (27 E. corollae (19) Episyrphus balteatus is phenotypically plastic with respect to abdominal colour pattern.

It was hypothesized that developmental temperature was the environmental cue governing this :// This study was based on broad monitoring of spring emergence of hoverflies and of aphid populations in two French agro-ecosystems.

Its aim was to determine whether hoverflies overwinter in agricultural fields and/or in field margins at immature stages and to what extent local and large-scale landscape features influence the abundance of immature overwintering individuals and the associated What has the author John Hart written.

Unanswered Questions. How is the ideal beauty exemplified in aphrodite of melos. Look at this painting this painting was created by what type of :// Andrew John Hart has written: 'Overwintering and developmental biology of the hoverflies Episyrphus balteatus- DeGeer -and Syrphus ribesii- L.

- - Diptera, Syrphidae -' Asked in Wasps and Hornets What eats hoverflies. 'Overwintering and developmental biology of the hoverflies Episyrphus balteatus- DeGeer -and Syrphus ribesii- L. - - Diptera, Syrphidae -' Asked in Biology, Zoology Episyrphus balteatus, Melanostoma mellinum, Eupeodes corollae, Sphaerophoria scripta and Platycheirus spp.

are dominant in the communities Overwintering and developmental biology of the hoverflies Episyrphus balteatus book Syrphinae from open habitats, all The abdominal colour patterns of some multivoltine species of Syrphidae are phenotypically plastic and change through the flying season. It was predicted how the abdominal colour pattern of one species, Episyrphus balteatus, should change in the field with season based on a hypothesis that the pattern influences the thermoregulatory capabilities of the :// Hondelmann, Peter (): Overwintering of the hoverfly Episyrphus balteatus: Long-distance migration or local overwintering?, IPP DI Jazzar, Chantal (): Optimizing Parasitoid Learning as a Strategy to Enhance the Biological Control of Aphids in Protected Environment., IPP DI Episyrphus balteatus larval preference depending on pea aphid (Acyrthosiphon pisum) population size (a, b) and host plant–pea aphid race combination (c).

Graphs depict the proportion of plants with evidence of hoverfly larvae presence (a, c), and the proportion of plants with larvae actually present after 24 h (b). Restriction fragment length polymorphisms of different DNA regions as genetic markers in the hoverfly Episyrphus balteatus (Diptera: Syrphidae) - Volume 95 Issue 4 - Episyrphus cannabina (Scopoli, ) should preliminarily not be used for Episyrphus balteatus (De Geer, ).

An application to the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature for suppression of the name cannabina Scopoli is in preparation. Schmid, U. (): New literature on hoverflies (2). [in German] - Volucella 2, ?p=verzeichnis&LANG=EN&artikel=6.

Episyrphus balteatus and Scaeva selenitica are two common hoverfly species that are widespread in Central Europe (Speight, ).Both species feed on aphids as larvae and pollen and nectar as adults.

Although wild populations may survive longer, evidenced by the overwintering females, the average longevity in the laboratory is 7–9 days, depending on the food type (Pinheiro, Torres, Raimundo A 3-year research project was started in on two differently structured sites in northern Germany to determine whether an autochthone overwintering syrphid population exists.

Another aim was to examine the influence of habitat structure (hedges) on oviposition in spring and on population dynamics. The large-scale experiments were carried out in winter cereals in Göttingen and Hiddestorf Combination of morphometric and isotopic tools for studying spring migration dynamics in Episyrphus balteatus.

Lucie Raymond. Lack of genetic differentiation between E. balteatus overwintering strategies Episyrphus balteatus specimens were collected at seven sites located across Western Europe to establish a gradient of δD ratio In this study, the complete mitochondrial genomes (mitogenomes) of two hoverfly species of Korinchia angustiabdomena (Huo, Ren, and Zheng) and Volucella nigricans Coquillett (Diptera: Syrphidae) were determined and analyzed.

The circular mitogenomes w bp in K. angustiabdomena (GenBank No. MK) bp in V. nigricans (GenBank No. MK). Winter ecology of natural enemies has a great influence on the level and efficiency of biological control at spring.

The hoverfly Episyrphus balteatus (DeGeer) (Diptera: Syrphidae) is one of the most important natural predators of crop aphids in Europe. Three different overwintering strategies coexist in this species which makes it a good model in order to study ecologically-based speciation Abstract.

Larvae of the hoverfiy Episyrphus balteatus (DeGeer) are important predators of aphids in the U.K. A large proportion of the U.K.

population migrates south to warmer climes at the end of summer, but a small number are thought to overwinter in the U.K., with the mated female being the overwintering morph. The cold tolerance of adult flies was investigated to assess the overwintering Adult overwintering hoverflies are almost exclusively females that are in a facultative reproductive diapause, whereas males of E.

balteatus are thought to be unable to increase their fat bodies, and therefore are more susceptible to cold temperatures and are not expected to overwinter [34,35]. Partial migration, where a proportion of a population migrates, while other individuals remain resident, is widespread across most migratory lineages.

However, the mechanisms driving individual differences in migratory tendency are still relatively poorly understood in most taxa, but may be influenced by morphological, physiological, and behavioral traits, controlled by phenotypic plasticity A typical explanation for ecologically stable strategies that apply to only a proportion of a population, is bet hedging, where increased reproductive Speight MC.

A mass migration of Episyrphus balteatus and Eupeodes corollae arriving in the south-west and remarks on other migrant hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae) in Ireland. Irish Naturalists' Journal.

;25(5)–3. Bolger AM, Lohse M, Usadel B. Trimmomatic: a Read "Immature hoverflies overwinter in cultivated fields and may significantly control aphid populations in autumn, Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your :// Performance of episyrphus balteatus.

The results of measuring the components of performance of E. balteatus fed on various aphids are given in Table 1. The larvae of E. balteatus can develop to maturity successfully on all the aphid species offered.

The survival of larvae during development was low for those feeding on apple aphid; otherwise   Austr J Ent 37(3): Geusen-Pfister H () [ Studies on the biology and reproductive capacity of Episyrphus balteatus> Deg.

(Diptera: Syrphidae) under greenhouse conditions ]. Untersuchungen zur Biologie und zum Reproduktionsvermögen von Episyrphus balteatus> Deg. (Dipt., Syrphidae) unter Landscape diversification is a key element for the development of sustainable agriculture. This study explores whether the implementation of habitats for pest natural enemies enhances conservation biological control in an adjacent field.

In the present study conducted in Gembloux (Belgium) inthe effect of two different habitats (wildflower strips and a forest) and aphid abundance on the Biology of Aphidiine Parasitoids. The biology of aphid parasitoids has been investigated for several aphidiine species (Starý, ).

In order to plan controlled release experiments in greenhouses or in the fields, reliable ecological data are necessary (Singh and Agarwala,Singh, ). Observed aphidophagous hoverflies in were Sphaerophoria scripta L., Sphaerophoria rueppellii (Wiedeman), and Episyrphus balteatus (DeGeer).

InEupeodes corollae (F.) specimens were also observed. Visual observations did not allow us to distinguish between the two species of the genus Sphaerophoria inhabiting the study ://   Insects other than bees (i.e., non-bees) have been acknowledged as important crop pollinators, but our understanding of which crop plants they visit and how effective they are as crop pollinators is limited.

To compare visitation and efficiency of crop-pollinating bees and non-bees at a global scale, we review the literature published from to concerning the visitors and COWGILL S.E., WRATTEN S.D.

& SOTHERTON N.W. The selective use of floral resources by the hoverfly Episyrphus balteatus (Diptera: Syrphidae) on farmland. Ann. Honeydew is considered a cornerstone of the interactions between aphids and their natural enemies.

Bacteria activity occurring in aphid honeydew typically results in the release of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that are used by the natural enemies of aphids to locate their prey. Because atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration directly impacts the physiology of plants, we raise the Photoselective nets have proven to be effective for aphid pest control as they limit their dispersal ability.

However, little is known on the impact of such nets on natural enemies of aphids. In this work, we study the effect of UV-absorbing nets on the syrphid fly Sphaerophoria rueppellii Wiedemann (Diptera: Syrphidae), a commercially available aphid biocontrol agent in Mediterranean uction.

1 Although a good number of insects do not feed as adults, for the majority, most of their adult life is dedicated to actions related both to the acquisition of food and to reproduction, and crucial decisions must be taken concerning these two activities.

Oviposition behavior is a vital component of many aspects of insect biology (e.g. population dynamics, life history and ?id= Available translations into English. I am extremely grateful to the Leverhulme Trust, who kindly funded many of these translations. Some were funded by the now defunct Department of Applied Biology, Cambridge University.

Others were done gratis by Hilary Gilbert and ~plzfg/syrphweb/ Episyrphus balteatus has also been previously reported as one of the most abundant aphidophage in vegetable crops, such as broad beans (Colignon et al.

; Colignon et al. This could be explained by abiotic conditions (high density cereal crop, with high humidity and low temperature) that are more favorable to the larvae of E Syrphids commonly associated with D.

noxia in Europe (and Asia) include Episyrphus balteatus, Eupeodes corollae and Sphaerophoria scripta (Hopper et al. Leucopis spp., of the dipteran family Chamaemyiidae, have been found in association with D. noxia throughout Europe and Asia, however in lower abundance than ://. The decline of pollinators in agricultural areas has been observed for some decades, this being partly due to landscape simplification in intensive agrosystems.

Diversifying agricultural landscapes by sowing flower strips within fields could reduce these adverse effects on biodiversity. In this context, the study presented here aimed at assessing and comparing the abundance and diversity of    Holloway GJ, Marriott CG, Crocker HJ.

Phenotypic plasticity in hoverflies: the relationship between colour pattern and season in Episyrphus balteatus and other Syrphidae. Ecol. Entomol. Holzkamp G, Nahrstedt A. According to Schneider (69, 74) one should also reckon at this time with the appearance of Scaeva pyrastri and Episyrphus balteatus flying together with ri.

However, we were able to observe tus first on (one individual) and ri in June. We managed to find other species in on: a male i~plzfg/syrphweb/Bomboschdoc  Web view.